'THE WAR TO END ALL WARS'
There are more than 25 million military veterans in the United States.
Veterans Day is the American name for the international day of remembrance called Armistice Day. It falls on 11 November,
the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended the World War One. It is a federal holiday and a state holiday in all 50 states.
The same day is observed elsewhere as Remembrance Day or Armistice Day.
All major hostilities of World War 1 were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German
signing of the Armistice. Armistice Day was first commemorated in the United States by President Woodrow Wilson in 1919, and many states
made it a legal holiday. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 inviting all Americans to observe the day, and made it a legal holiday
nationwide in 1938. The holiday has been observed annually on November 11 since that date - first as Armistice Day, later as Veterans
Day - except for a brief period when it was celebrated on the fourth Monday of October.
Although it is a federal and state holiday, it is formally observed in most parts of the United States only by government offices and
banks. Most schools and almost all businesses stay open on regular schedules. As a result, most public transit systems are on regular
schedules as well even though they are usually run by the local government. Most businesses cite the holiday's proximity to Thanksgiving
(when many businesses close for a four-day weekend) as the main reason for staying open on Veterans Day; but most schools and businesses
also stay open on Columbus Day, a full month earlier.